How to disinfect in a chicken coop
Sanitizing a chicken coop is an important part of bird care. We will discuss the details of the procedure and its frequency in this article.
How often and why to disinfect
Chickens quite often suffer from various types of parasites: ticks, lice and others. The presence of parasites causes the bird physical inconvenience and nervous stress, which affects the productivity of the herd. In addition, parasites can serve as a source of various kinds of infections.
Birds cannot get rid of them on their own, so the owners of poultry farms carry out sanitary treatment of the chicken dwelling.Chickens are creatures far from accuracy: scattered food, litter on the litter, spilled water from a drinking bowl - these factors also contribute to creating an environment favorable for the propagation of pathogenic microorganisms. Preventive and ongoing sanitary treatments help protect birds from health problems and prevent diseases. Depending on the type of procedure, it is carried out from once a week to several times a year.
Did you know? In calm weather, in the absence of wind, the cock cry can be heard at a distance of two kilometers.
Types of disinfection
Sanitary disinfection is undertaken not only as a method of combating diseases and parasites, but also as a preventive measure. According to the intended purpose, disinfection is divided into the following types:
- preventative - the chicken coop is first processed before the herd is settled, then as necessary (replacing the herd). Ideally, prophylaxis is carried out once every two months, often as a prophylaxis, lime disinfection is carried out;
- current - carried out upon detection of parasites or birds;
- final - carried out after the recovery of the bird, confirmed by laboratory tests.
- mechanical - replacement of infected containers for water and food, perches, parts of flooring or polishing in order to remove the infected surface;
- physical - disinfection using hot steam and water, quartz lamps, ultraviolet light;
- chemical - the use of active and often aggressive chemicals to kill pathogens;
- biological - the method has not yet been widely used, since it is more expedient in large poultry farms. With this method, bacteria and parasites are destroyed using their natural enemies;
- combined - during the epidemic, they take a set of the above sanitary measures.
Did you know? The largest egg weighing 170 grams was laid by a chicken of a Georgian peasant in 2011. The record was recorded by the Guinness Book of Records.
How to disinfect a chicken coop
Today there is a large selection of different means for disinfecting a chicken coop. Some products are ready to use, others can be prepared by yourself from the available components. Each method operates in different ways, consider in more detail:
- aerosols - sanitation of the room gives a good effect. The drug sprayed in the air enters all cracks and inaccessible places during physical or mechanical processing. You need to use it in the absence of the herd, protecting yourself with overalls;
- saline solutions (monosodium salt, sodium hypochlorite) - a good result and a gentle way of processing, but you need to use it regularly, otherwise the effect of application is quickly lost;
- lime - the cheapest way, they are used mainly as a preventive or additional method, minus lime in that it does not destroy fungal spores and the effect of its use is short-lived;
- iodine (iodine blocks) - an effective drug, being a strong antiseptic, it destroys the smallest manifestations of bacteria, you can treat the room without removing the bird, since iodine is not a toxic agent;
- smoke bombs with ammonia - in addition to parasites, they prevent lung diseases in birds, can be used in the presence of a herd;
- sulfur drafts - the effect of 100%, destroys mold, parasites, all bacteria present. Less - you need to ventilate for a long time, since the drug is toxic to poultry and to humans.
Important! Contact with chlorine solutions is contraindicated in people with asthma. Vapors may cause an asthma attack.
How to do it right: sequence of actions
For a stable and high-quality result, disinfection is carried out comprehensively, carefully preparing all the necessary tools and preparations, thinking through the whole procedure.
For preliminary manipulations you will need tools:
- shovel or scoop;
Using scrapers, you need to clean all surfaces from chicken droppings and other dirt, change the litter layer, remove containers for food and water. If there is a need to grind mold-covered surfaces, replace parts of structures (perches, nests), if possible.
All available surfaces - walls, floors, ceilings, perches, etc. are washed with hot water. For greater effect and to remove an unpleasant odor, a little vinegar is added to the water. The whitewashed walls and ceiling are washed off from it completely, since its layer has already served. After all the procedures, you can whitewash again.
It is advisable to decontaminate the premises in the absence of birds, in the warm season, when it can be released into the street. In this case, the processing will turn out to be better and faster.
Having previously protected yourself from the effects of drugs, begin processing the room. The disinfection process begins from top to bottom: ceiling, perches, floor. It is still advisable to choose less toxic agents, since the effect of toxins can affect the productivity of the bird. An ideal disinfection option would be to use comprehensive measures.
Important! Many poultry farmers use formalin in the old way: cheaply and efficiently. But the drug is extremely toxic to human health, even the smallest fumes can cause serious poisoning.
Among the drugs on the market, there are several time-tested, effective remedies. Experienced farmers recommend:
Is it possible to disinfect in the presence of a bird
When processing in the presence of birds, sanitation is mainly used, this method is considered the safest. For a quick and high-quality sanitary procedure, there are a number of rules:
- Cleaning is carried out in parts - the old litter is removed, the dishes and improvised equipment are cleaned and washed on the street, then they are washed with a disinfector, washed with running water and dried.
- Metal surfaces are treated with a gas burner.
- Before wet cleaning, it is advisable to remove accumulations of dust (with a vacuum cleaner) so as not to spread dirt.
- Walls and ceilings pass through several layers of lime; copper sulfate can be added to remove fungus qualitatively.
- Do not forget to rinse with the disinfectant all the elements of the room: ventilation holes, mesh brooders, latches and handles.
- For sanitation, they use disinfectants safe for the bird (iodine checkers), closing the room with birds for half an hour, then ventilating it well.
Video: chicken house disinfection
To summarize: chicken coop disinfection is a necessary condition for bird care. The procedure will help protect birds from diseases, while already existing viral or infectious diseases will reduce the risk of an epidemic and pestilence. Room disinfection should be carried out at least once a year.